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Healthy Living

Tips for Feeding Babies from Birth to Birthday

  • Breast-feeds – For several months, atleast till nine months.

  • Formula feeds if breast milk is inadequate. Avoid Cow’s milk or dairy milk till six months of age.

  • Juices are introduced at the age of 60 days. Orange juice or tomato juice, given initially diluted with water, after one month undiluted fruit juices.

  • Introduce semi-solid foods when the infant is six kg or by the age four months (When the baby starts chewing).

  • Start with small serving sizes of one to two teaspoonfuls; increase gradually to three or four tablespoonfuls per feeding.

  • First introduce rice cereal, later try other cereals. Mixed cereals (wheat, rice and ragi), heat-treated and powdered, cooked, as porridge will serve as a useful, semi-solid diet. Add a drop of oil or ghee if needed, for more weight gain. If mashed fruits (Banana) 4-5 months, vegetables by 5-6 months (mashed potatoes, carrots, beetroots, green leaves etc). Rice, dhal with ghee, iddli, greens, spinach) etc, by six to seven months.

  • For older infants, establish a diet plan such with the (following) ‘basic four’ for balance and diversity, depending on personal choice.
    a) Milk group.
    b) Cereal group.
    c) Vegetables/Fruits.
    d) Meat/Egg.

  • Provide an intake of milk 500-750ml daily when the intake of solid food is well established.

  • Provide solid food of a texture compatible with infant’s ability to chew and swallow.

  • Give single ingredient foods at a time and continue for five days before introducing another food.

  • Avoid developing infant’s taste for an excess of salt or sugar.

  • Biscuits (Marie) by seven months.

  • Curds by seven to eight months.

  • Yolk of egg by six to seven months, white of egg seven to eight months, minced meat, fish etc. nine to ten months.

  • By ten to 12 months, a planned diet according to the family’s choice.

  • Cucumbers, onion, cabbage be avoided during first year.

  • In the second year of life, a child no longer needs a special infant diet (but provide less spicy food).


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