World

Tuesday Briefing

The move came as Volodymyr Zelensky headed to the U.S.Credit…Sergei Chuzavkov/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Zelensky cleans house in Ukraine’s defense ministry

Ukraine dismissed all six of its deputy defense ministers yesterday, deepening the housecleaning at a ministry that had drawn criticism for corruption in procurement, as the military budget ballooned during the war. The government did not give a reason for the changes.

The move came as Volodymyr Zelensky, the Ukrainian president, headed to the U.S., where he will appeal to Western leaders for further aid for the war. He is scheduled to address the U.N. General Assembly in person in New York and to meet with President Biden and members of Congress in Washington later in the week.

In Ukraine’s fight to take back territory seized by Russia, the chain of command for battlefield decisions runs directly from Zelensky to the military’s uniformed general staff, largely bypassing the civilians at the defense ministry. So, the turnover is not expected to have an immediate effect on the course of the war.

In other news from the war: An errant Ukrainian missile, not a Russian attack, appears to have caused the deadly blast at a Ukrainian market earlier this month, a Times investigation found.


The United Nations General Assembly will start today.Credit…Justin Lane/EPA, via Shutterstock

U.N. to meet without top leaders

The U.N. General Assembly convenes today, but of the leaders of the five permanent members of the Security Council — the U.S., Russia, China, France and Britain — only President Biden will attend, in a time of growing global division.

This year’s gathering was planned with an eye to growing demands from the nations of the “global south,” an informal group of poorer nations whose crises have fallen by the wayside amid a global focus on the conflict in Ukraine. Discussions have been scheduled on climate change, sovereign debt relief and ways to help struggling countries reach the U.N.’s development goals.

Analysts said that by skipping the annual gathering, world leaders risked weakening the U.N. when the institution was struggling to remain relevant. The U.N.’s agencies are still at the forefront of providing humanitarian aid, but during the war in Ukraine and a series of military coups in Africa, the world body has been marginalized as a negotiator and mediator.

A face of change: Mohammed Shia al-Sudani, Iraq’s prime minister, will address the U.N., hoping to persuade the world that he can finally solve his country’s problems of corruption and instability — and make it a reliable partner for the region.


Trudeau accuses India of a killing on Canadian soil

Justin Trudeau speaking Monday in the House of Commons in Ottawa.Credit…Blair Gable/Reuters

Justin Trudeau, the Canadian prime minister, said yesterday that “agents of the government of India” carried out the fatal shooting of Hardeep Singh Nijjar, a Sikh community leader in British Columbia, in June.

Speaking in the House of Commons, Trudeau said that he raised the issue directly with Narendra Modi, the Indian prime minister, at the G20 summit this month. The allegation, which Trudeau said was based on intelligence gathered by the Canadian government, is likely to further strain relations between the two countries. This month, Canada suspended negotiations on a trade deal with India.

Details: The community leader was shot near a Sikh temple. He had called for the creation of an independent Sikh nation that would include parts of India’s Punjab State, and India had declared him a wanted terrorist.

THE LATEST NEWS

Around the World

Credit…Reuters
  • Five Americans who had been imprisoned in Iran were allowed to leave the country yesterday, President Biden said, after two years of negotiations.

  • Hundreds of Libyans protested in Derna, demanding the removal of those responsible a week after torrential rains burst two dams.

  • As Europe battles with extreme weather events, eco-anxiety, a term to describe all-encompassing environmental concerns, is having its moment.

  • China sent a record number of military planes toward Taiwan.

Other Big Stories

Credit…Francis Kokoroko for The New York Times
  • The government of Ghana is essentially bankrupt. It has turned to the International Monetary Fund for the 17th time since 1957, when the country gained its independence.

  • Russell Brand postponed his comedy tour amid sexual assault allegations.

  • Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime minister, flew to California to meet with Elon Musk.

  • Hunter Biden, the U.S. president’s son, sued the Internal Revenue Service, saying that it violated his privacy by releasing details of his finances.

What Else Is Happening

  • A conservation group has purchased a herd of 2,000 southern white rhinos in South Africa and plans to release the animals into the wild.

  • Researchers discovered that a brand of yellow paint favored by the Spanish artist Joan Miró loses its brilliance over time.

  • Rides and attractions were closed after a bear was spotted inside Walt Disney World in Florida.

  • Are men obsessed with the Roman Empire? The answer might surprise you.

A Morning Read

Credit…The New York Times

Singapore is rethinking its sweltering urban areas to dampen the effects of climate change and to cool down the city — in part by introducing more foliage and plant life. Can the city state be a model for others to follow?

SPORTS NEWS

Luca Koleosho: The soccer prodigy wanted by Italy, Nigeria, Canada and the U.S.

Not such an upset: Fiji, population 900,000, defeated Australia, population 25 million, at the Rugby World Cup on Sunday.

Goalkeeper rotation: Is this the start of a new trend?

Singapore Grand Prix takeaways: Ferrari capitalizes, and Red Bull moves on to the next one.

ARTS AND IDEAS

Is your A.I. conscious?

You know what it’s like to be yourself. You might be able to imagine being your spouse — or a golden retriever. Can ChatGPT, or other artificial intelligence tools, likewise be conscious?

Such an idea — that a robot or a computer could have a subjective experience of the world — has become subject to more serious scrutiny of late. In a new report, a group of philosophers, neuroscientists and computer scientists came up with a list of qualities that might suggest consciousness in a machine, including the ability to be aware of one’s own awareness.

RECOMMENDATIONS

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Discover Albania’s timeless Vjosa River.

Read the latest book by the 91-year-old journalism legend Gay Talese.

Play the Spelling Bee. And here are today’s Mini Crossword and Wordle. You can find all our puzzles here.


That’s it for today’s briefing. Thanks for joining me. — Natasha

P.S. The Times won six awards from the Society of American Travel Writers.

You can reach Natasha and the team at [email protected].

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